Tuesday, January 18, 2011

The Basic Terms of 2012

haab- The Maya yearly cycle of 365 days. Leap years are not included.

Long Count- The largest base-20 calendar cycle used my Mesoamerican cultures including the Maya.

Precession of the Equinoxes- The 26,000 year cycle in which the Earth wobbles on its axis.

tzolkin- The 260 day calendar of the Maya. It is  created by the combination of 13 numerals and 20 day names.

Dresden Codex- pre-Columbian Maya text dating from the mid-eleventh century. Consists of startlingly accurate astronomical tables mainly centering on the movements of the moon and the planet, Venus. It consists of 74 pages written front and back by an estimated 8 different scribes, each with their own style, calligraphy and specialty.

Aztecs- Ethnic group in Meso-America that was prominent in the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries before being conquered by the Spanish.

Maya- Meso-American civilization known for possessing the only fully developed written language of the pre-Colombian Americas. Maya territory extended throughout southern Mexico and Central America. The Maya were skilled mathematicians as well as astronomers. 

Olmecs- A pre-Colombian civilization that excelled during the Formative period. The Olmecs quite possibly invented the Long Count Calendar.

Solar Maximum- Period of higher activity within the solar cycle. We're currently in the beginning of Solar Maximum.

Rotational Pole Shift- idea that a rapid shift in the physical poles can occur causing massive earthquakes and tidal waves.

Geomagnetic Reversal-Change in the orientation of Earth's magnetic field. The last one occurred more than 700,000 years ago and there is no valid scientific evidence that such a reversal can harm life on earth.

More to come soon readers...

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